The SHH Clinical Laboratory is a tertiary, hospital-based laboratory that offers a wide of vital tests that support physicians in the diagnosis and treatment of their patients. Located at the second floor, the laboratory is open twenty-four (24) hours a day, seven (7) days a week.
Understanding your Laboratory Tests
Do you ever wonder what your doctor means by “we’re going to run some tests on you”? The collected blood, urine, or any body substances are sent to the clinical laboratory, where the medical technologists process, test, and subsequently report results to your doctor.
Hematology and Coagulation
The hematology Section performs routine and special tests on blood such as complete blood count (CBC) that tells your doctor how many cell of each type are in your blood. The section also evaluates peripheral blood smears and performs malarial parasite examination, as well as tests for hemostasis and coagulation studies.
The Clinical Chemistry Section is where blood and other body fluids are tested for chemicals and other substances that indicate disease utilizing automated clinical chemistry analyzers. Examples of chemistry tests include glucose to monitor diabetes and cholesterol to assess risk of cardiovascular diseases.
The Clinical Microscopy Section performs routine and special procedures to examine urine and fecal specimens.
Immunology and Serology
The Immunology and Serology Sections performs test aid in the diagnosis of infectious diseases as well as cancers using various immunoassays like enzyme-linked immunosorbent assayes. Some tests are used by your doctor to determine whether your immune system is functioning properly.
The Microbiology Section tests patients for infections caused by bacteria, fungi, or parasites. Many types of specimens – including blood, urine, sputum, stool and others are tested. An example of microbiology test is a urine culture for urinary tract infections. It also tests the various antibiotics to determine the best agent for therapy of these isolates.
The Histopathology Section is where cells, tissues or diseased organs, sampled through biopsy or removed surgically, are submitted for pathologic diagnosis and interpretation. Immunohistochemical staining of fixed and processed tissues is also available. This is usually used to determine the nature of a tumor or to distinguish between two different diseases processes that may otherwise appear similar to the pathologist in order to come up with the correct and definitive diagnosis.
The Blood Station of the laboratory is a blood service facility duly authorized by the DOH for the storage and issuance of whole blood and packed red blood cells. Blood typing and compatibility testing of the red cell units are also performed.
SPECIAL PATIENT PREPARATION PRIOR TO TESTING
1. Fasting blood sugar
8 – 12 hours sugar fasting
Note: If lipid profile is included in the test request, fasting up to 14 hours is still acceptable.
2. Lipid profile
10 – 14 hours sugar fasting
Note: Metabolic changes associated with starvation may begin to develop after prolonged fasting. Intake of water is acceptable.
Refrain from eating meat and doing strenuous physical activity 8 – 12 hours before blood extraction.
4. Blood uric acid
Preferably 8 – 12 hours fasting
Limit alcohol intake prior to testing